The Press’s Role In The Post-truth Era And The World Of Mobile Domination

Fake news, hoaxes and propaganda aren’t a new phenomenon, however bizarre it might seem. Because of social media’s freedom of speech and the ability to share and promote news, it is now even more difficult to filter fake information. This problem becomes more complex when people decide to share their opinions on social media, making them more susceptible to fake news. It could prove difficult to take measures without being reacted to by people due the importance of mobiles and social media in our modern age.

Italy faces the same problems as many other countries. In 2016, we faced issues like political influence on public broadcasters and media ownership. There were many problems, but there was progress. The approval of the first Freedom of Information law in Italy on May 2016 was a highlight. Italy already has legal documentation regarding high media concentration. It stipulates that no broadcaster can own more 20 percent of all radio and television stations or more 20% of total media industry revenues. However, the truth is that just three operators own 90% of the total TV sector revenues. Although fake news has caused many problems in Italy, the authorities don’t really have the authority to censor online speech. Since early 2018, fake news can be reported to police in Italy. Although this decision was made recently, defamation had been considered a criminal offense. This could lead to a fine, or even 3 years in prison. A 2001 regulation that “fights” fake information still exists. It stipulates that to provide a service of news, in any media medium, either traditional or online, one must first be a “chartered” journalist with the Communication Worker’s Registry. One must also be a member at the National Journalists’ Assocation. There has been a lot of discussion about fake news in Italy. There have been several proposals and solutions. There have been proposals to address and regulate certain issues such as proper implementation of Freedom of Information laws. There have been some changes in the country’s media ownership. This situation could be improved by actually putting in place the existing regulations. It is also important to make laws that deal with the relationship between media and politics. Separating media and politics will allow news to be more objectively analyzed. Many legislative proposals on online news sharing have been raised during the numerous debates. These debates had negative consequences for internet freedom and caused negative reactions. It is possible to solve the problem by verifying specific online news providers. While people can still express their opinions, verified sources will only provide information. This will limit fake news without restricting people’s speech rights.